All about scleroderma disease
Scleroderma is a chronic skin disease. This is a rare disease 3 out of 100000 people per year that most often affect women between the age of 30 and 50. This is not a single disease; it is a group of diseases. The disease affects the skin, blood vessels, muscles and internal organs.
Types of scleroderma
There are two types of scleroderma
- Localized and
Localized scleroderma typically affects one or a few areas of skin and muscles. The localized scleroderma is classified into two parts morphea and linear scleroderma.
Morphea looks as thickened patches or plaques on the skin. The plaques usually appear on the human waist. They are initially smooth and after time they become hard.
Linear scleroderma appears as multiple bands of thickened and hardened patches or plaques of skin on face, arm and legs. This form of scleroderma usually occurs in children.
Systemic scleroderma affects more part of body than localized scleroderma. This affects the growth of connective tissues. The disease damage the skin and internal organs. If Systemic scleroderma is not treated in earlier stage this may cause damage to the many body parts including lungs, kidneys, gastro-intestinal tract, heart and bone joints. Systemic scleroderma is divided into two forms Diffuse scleroderma and Limited scleroderma. The diffuse scleroderma affects the human body more quickly than limited scleroderma.
- Thick patches of skin on face, arms, waist and legs
- Telangiectasia (red dots on the hands or face)
- Mouth becomes smaller, lips develop deep grooves, eating and dental care become difficult
- calcium deposits
- mucus membranes such as eyes, mouth and vegina
- Muscle aches, weakness, joint pain
- Tendonitis, or carpal tunnel syndrome
- Shortness of breath
- Pulmonary hypertension
- Heartburn (reflux)
- Difficulty swallowing
- High blood pressure
- Kidney failure
- Constipation, diarrhea, irritable bowel syndrome
- Swelling on hands, face and feet
- Change of skin color usually white or blue
Causes of the scleroderma
Human immune system is the cause of the scleroderma which causes your body to produce protein collagen in large quantity. These happen when your immune system, which usually protects you from germs turns on your body and causes inflammation of skin and other organs.